Monthly Archives: July 2016

“Can you tell me what’s going on here?”

….I asked the host/interpreter who was standing near the Canadian entry at the Biennale Architettura in Venice. I could tell he was the host, because he was wearing a ball cap, and standing near a fold-up table displaying printed materials. Seriously.

(With true patriot love,  I had chosen the Canadian pavilion as my first stop when I -finally!- found the portion of the Biennale hosting the permanent pavilions.)  After discovering the installation wasn’t actually inside the Canadian pavilion (it’s being renovated, but the Canucks in the crowd will be happy to know it has gorgeous water views) this is what I saw…..

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I had initially walked past , not understanding that this is Extraction, the Canadian presence at the 2016 Biennale for Architecture.

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Perhaps you understand my confusion.

The young man in the ball cap was happy to answer my questions and explain the project to me.  He’s an architecture student at Harvard, studying under the Canadian Pierre Belanger, a co-director of the Post Graduate Design Program at Harvard’s Graduate School of Design.  He said Extraction is based on Canada’s role in resource extraction, both nationally and internationally.  It seeks to ask all kinds of questions about the global impact of resource extraction.

Here’s a quote from the catalogue:  Extraction redefines our understanding of urbanization in the 21st century.  If everything we build comes from the ground, then extraction is the process and practice that reshapes our assumptions about urban economies……..Where do these materials come from?  Whose lands? Whose laws? Where do they go?  Who processes them? How are they moved?……From land rights to mineral rights, aboveground and underground, between rule and representation of the ground, every dimension of urban life is mediated by resource extraction.  It is our urban, political and cultural ore.

He explained that the white sacks are filled with gold ore from an abandoned Canadian mining company’s project on the Italian island of Sardinia….a project that left behind a poisonous spill.  On the ground is a gold survey stake, marking the intersection of the UK, France and Canada pavilions.  Inside is a peep hole, where you can lie down and watch the film 800 Years of Empire in 800 images in 800 Seconds.

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Yes!  I did lie down, and watch the whole film.

No, I did not have an audience.


Click here for Extraction’s  website.


You may want to read Robert Enright’s interview with Pierre Belanger in the arts journal, Border Crossings.  (Find it here.) It helped me to further understand the conceptual nature of the project. The CBC’s News article (click here) acknowledged the controversial nature of the installation.

I asked the young man how the project is being received.  He told me most visitors liked it enthusiastically;  Canadians were less pleased.  My quibble isn’t with the conceptual nature of the project, or the issues raised.  It’s important that we question, and acknowledge the sources of the materials for our built environment. I did enjoy the variety of ways the ideas are presented.  I only wish the presentation had provided a vision for a way forward.  How do we deal with the environment in a sustainable manner?  How should we extract resources in a way that is both ethical and sustainable?  Big, challenging questions, I know.  But isn’t that why we have events like the Biennale?  It’s important to ask the difficult questions, and to also offer up possible solutions, and a way (or three) forward.


La Biennale di Venezia

Many of us have heard of the Venice Biennale…..probably the most important international exhibition of contemporary art, held every two years.  I think of it like the World’s Fair of art:   many countries have pavilions, and different exhibitions are installed for each new Biennale, but it occurs (largely) in a dedicated site in Venice.

Visiting Venice this year, I knew that this wasn’t the year for the Biennale for Art.  What I didn’t know is that it’s the year for the Biennale for Architecture. (What I don’t know could fill volumes! As Saint Augustine said, “The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only a page.” The Art Caravan has miles to go…..)

Venice Biennale site Photo by T. Vatrt

Venice Biennale site
Photo by T. Vatrt

Venice Biennale site map

Venice Biennale site map

The theme of this year’s Biennale Architettura is Reporting from the Front.  It runs from May 28 to November 27, 2016.  There are 63 nations participating, including Nigeria, the Philippines, Seychelles and Yemen as first time participants.  It’s a big deal!  The exhibitions are not confined to the Arsenale and Giardini sites, but a few are installed in other locations in Venice.  As well, there are symposiums, panel discussions,  a summer school, and much more.

The second pavilion I visited was Great Britain.  (Yes, the first was Canada, but I’ll share my thoughts about it in a separate posting.) Five different, creative propositions answered the challenge of affordable housing in Britain, and by extension, other countries.  Please click here to see a short video explaining the project.  If you want to see and hear more in another short video, please click here.

British pavilion at Venice Biennale for Architecture Photo by T. Vatrt

British pavilion at Venice Biennale for Architecture
Photo by T. Vatrt

The American pavilion showed 12 different responses to rejuvenating sections of Detroit.  Here is a very good video explaining the project in less than five minutes.

Rest assured, I won’t report on every pavilion or display I visited….at least not today.  Perhaps the most important observation is the engagement I felt visiting the Biennale Architettura, despite my very limited knowledge of formal architecture.  For the most part, the projects proposed solutions to real life problems, or reported on creative solutions to challenging circumstances.   The ideas were not only accessible to an average citizen, but also inspiring in their creativity to improve the quality of life for everyone.  This is not an elitist, theoretical display but an opportunity (for everyone) to think both serious, and fun thoughts, about the built world we inhabit.

An added reason to visit Venice soon… if you need another excuse to go.



Canada Day Art Quiz-answers!

Answers to Canada Art Quiz (2016)

Kenoujouak Ashevak

Kenoujouak Acheva

(10 points for every correct answer; 50 points for every correct bonus answer!)

1.  The Winnipeg Art Gallery is Canada’s older civic gallery.  It was founded in 1912.

2.  The ‘new’ National Gallery of Canada was officially opened on May 21, 1988.  Moshe Safdie designed the building.

3.  There is no Portrait Gallery of Canada.  Construction was underway when the Conservative government put the project on hold in 2006. Next, private sector bids were solicited, and received to host the collection, but that competition was cancelled in 2008.

4.  Prudence Heward, Anne Savage, Kathleen Morris and Lillian Torrance Newton were members of The Beaver Hall Group in Montreal in the 1920’s and 30’s.

5. Prudence Heward and other women artists were excluded from  the Group of Seven because, as A. Y. Jackson (founding member) put it, “Well, I guess we liked our brandy and cigars too much.”

6. The Woodlands School/Style is a group of aboriginal artists (mainly Algonquin and Ojibway) who became know in the 1970’s and 1980’s. Norval Morriseau, Jackson Beardy, Daphne Odjig, Carl Ray, Benjamin Chee Chee, Shirley Cheechoo, Alex Janvier and Eddy Cobiness are all associated with this group, sometimes known as The Indian Group of Seven.

7. The Winnipeg Art Gallery has the largest collection of Inuit art in the world.  The proposed Inuit Art Centre addition is scheduled to be opened in 2020.

8. The Esker Foundation opened in Calgary in 2012 and the Audain Art Museum opened in Whistler in 2016.

If you scored 0:  Time to become a Follower of The Art Caravan blog.
If you scored 10-20: Perhaps you need to read the blog more carefully.
If you scored 30 – 50:  You have subscriptions to Canadian Art and Border Crossings…..and you read them.
If you scored 60 and above: You should be writing The Art Caravan blog!  (I had to research many of these details.)

Canada Day Art Quiz

Canada Day Art Quiz (2016)

Emily Carr

Emily Carr

1.  Which is Canada’s oldest civic art gallery? (Regular readers of The Art Caravan should know this one!)

2. When was the ‘new’ National Gallery of Canada opened?  (Bonus question:  Who was the architect?)

3. In which city is the National Portrait Gallery located?

4. Prudence Heward, Anne Savage, Kathleen Morris and Lillian Torrance Newton were all members of which Canadian Modernist art group?

5. Why weren’t Prudence Heward and other women artists invited to join the Group of Seven?

6. Who are the Woodlands group of artists?  (Bonus question:  Name two artists from this group.)

7.  Which Canadian art gallery has the largest collection of Inuit art in the world?

8. Two significant, privately funded art galleries have opened in western Canada in the last five years.  What are they called and where are they located?

9.  Who is your favourite Canadian artist (deceased?)

10. Who is your favourite contemporary Canadian artist?


Have fun!  Answers  will be posted later today.